Medicinal Bee Plants

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A Table of trees and plants which help bees and other creatures.

Table From – http://www.apitherapy.com/index.php/eng/Medicinal-bee-plants

TREES

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
FIR TREE Abies alba buds, resins, essential oils, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
SWEET CHESTNUT Castanea sativa

fruits, nectar, pollen 30-120 kg/ha
HORSE-CHESTNUT Aesculus hippocastanum

nectar, pollen, seeds 30-100 kg/ha
BEECH TREE Fagus silvatica leaves, bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 20 kg/ha
ASH TREE Fraxinus excelsior leaves, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
FIELD MAPLE Acer campestre bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 200-400 kg/ha
BIRCH TREE Betula alba

leaves, resins, resins and balsams, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 8-10 kg/ha
ROUND LOGS SPRUCE Picea excelsa Resins, essential oils, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
WALNUT Juglans regia

Leaves, fruits, pollen

—-
GOLDEN RAINTREE Koelreuteria paniculata Flowers, nectar, pollen 100-200 kg/ha
NORWAY MAPLE Acer platanoides Flowers, bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 100-200 kg/ha
PINE Pinus silvestris Resins, buds, essential oils, pollen, sap for honeydew honey —-
POPLAR Populus nigra

buds, resins and balsams, pollen, sap for honeydew honey —-
JAPANESE PAGODA TREE Sophora japonica Leaves, flowering buds; small, young branches; fruits nectar, pollen 300-350 kg/ha
ACACIA Robinia pseudoacacia Flowers, pollen, nectar 1000 kg/ha
WHITE WILLOW Salix alba bark, nectar, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 100-120 kg/ha
GOAT WILLOW Salix caprea bark, nectar, pollen 100-200 kg/ha
OAK Quercus robur bark, pollen, sap for honeydew honey —-
SILVER LINDEN Tilia tomentosa flowers, nectar, pollen 1200 kg/ha
LARGE LEAVED LIME Tilia platyphyllos flowers, pollen, nectar 800 kg/ha
SMALL LEAVED LIME Tilia cordata flowers, nectar, pollen 1000 kg/ha
ELM TREE Ulmus campestris bark, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 8-10 kg/ha

SHRUBS

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
BILBERRY BUSH Vaccinum myrtillus Leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-12 kg/ha
GOOSEBERRY BARBERRY Ribes grossularis/uva crispa fruits, nectar, pollen 25-70 kg/ha
GOLDEN FLOWERING CURRANT Ribes aureum fruits, nectar, pollen —-
HAZELNUT TREE FILBERT Corylus avellana fruits, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
BOX TREE Buxus sempervirens Leaves, roots, wood, nectar, pollen —-
SNOWBALL TREE Viburnum opulus bark, nectar, pollen 25-40 kg/ha
COMMON SEA BUCKTHORN Hippophae rhamnoides fruits, nectar, pollen 25 kg/ha
SALTCEDAR Tamarix ramosissima/galica bark, roots, branches, flowers, leaves with branches, nectar, pollen 25 kg/ha
BLACK CURRANT. CASSIS Ribes nigrum leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-30 kg/ha
ALDER BUCKTHORN Rhamnus frangula bark, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
BARBERRY Berberis vulgaris bark from the roots and stem, fruits, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
IVY Hedera helix leaves, nectar, pollen —-
ROSEHIPS Hipberry Rosa canina pseudofruits, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-20 kg/ha
BLACKBERRY Rubus fruticosus leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen —-
EUROPEAN DEWBERRY Rubus caesius fruits, nectar, pollen 30-50 kg/ha
Rhus glabra/tiphina nectar, pollen 30-60 kg/ha
HAWTHORN Crataegus sp. flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
CHRIST’S THORN Paliurus spina christi fruits, nectar
BLACKTHORN Prunus spinosa flowers, fruits, bark of the roots + stem; pollen, nectar 25-40 kg/ha
ROSEMARIE Rosmarinus officinalis flowers, nectar —-
CORNEL TREE (BLOODY TWING) Cornus sanguinea fruits, bark, nectar, pollen 20-30 kg/ha
VINE
Grape-vine
Vitis vinifera fruits, nectar, pollen 5-10 kg/ha
SWEET MOCK ORANGE. ENGLISH DOGWOOD Philadelphus coronarius flowers, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
RASPBERRY Rubus idaeus leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 50-200 kg/ha

FRUIT TREES

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
BLUEBERRY, Billberry Vaccinum myrtillus

leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 15-30 kg/ha
HAZELNUT Corylus avellana fruits, pollen, sap for honeydew honey 15-20 kg/ha
APRICOT TREE Prunus armeniaca fruits, nectar, pollen 25-40 kg/ha
CHERRY TREE Prunus avium fruits, nectar, pollen 20-40 kg/ha
WAX CHERRY TREE Prunus cerasifera fruits, nectar, pollen 25 kg/ha
CORNEL TREE Cornus mas leaves, bark, fruits, nectar, pollen 20 kg/ha
MULBERRY TREE (White fruits) Morus alba leaves, fruits (i)mature bark of roots, pollen —-
MULBERRY TREE (Black fruits) Morus nigra leaves, fruits (i)mature, bark of roots, pollen —-
QUINCE TREE Cydonia oblonga fruits, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
LEMON TREE Citrus limon fruits, nectar, pollen —-
APPLE TREE Malus domestica fruits, nectar, pollen 20-30 kg/ha
ALMOND TREE Prunus amygdalus fruits, nectar, pollen
HAWTHORN Crataegus sp. flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
PEAR TREE Pyrus communis leaves, fruits, bark, nectar, pollen 8-20 kg/ha
PEACH TREE Prunus persica flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 20-40 kg/ha
PLUM TREE Prunus domestica fruits, nectar, pollen 20-30 kg/ha
CHERRY TREE (Sour fruits) Prunus cerasus fruits, nectar, pollen 30-40 kg/ha
VINE (Grape-vine) Vitis vinifera leaves, grapes, spring sap, wine, nectar, pollen 5-10 kg/ha
RASPBERRY Rubus idaeus leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 50-200 kg/ha

TREES, SHRUBS for HEDGES

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
BILBERRY Vaccinium myrtillus nectar, pollen, leaves, fruits 15-30 kg./ha
BOX TREE Buxus sempervirens leaves, roots, wood, nectar, pollen —-
ALDER BUCKTHORN Rhamnus frangula bark, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
BARBERRY Berberis vulgaris bark of roots and stem, fruits, nectar, pollen 30 kg/ha
HONEY-LOCUST TREE (Gleditsia Gleditschia triacanthos fruits, nectar, pollen —-
LILAC Syringa vulgaris flowers, nectar, pollen 10-20 kg/ha
ROSEHIPS Rosa canina pseudo-fruits, fruits, nectar, pollen 10-20 kg/ha
HAWTHORN Crataegus sp. flowers, leaves, fruits, nectar, pollen 35-100 kg/ha
CHRIST’S THORN Paliurus spina christi fruits, nectar —-
BLACK THORN Prunus spinosa flowers, fruits, bark from roots + stem; pollen, nectar 25-40 kg/ha
ROSEMARIE Rosmarinus officinalis flowers, nectar —-
ACACIA Robinia pseudoacacia flowers, pollen, nectar 1000 kg/ha !!
BUCKTHORN Rhamnus cathartica fruits, nectar —-
HIBISCUS SP. Hibiscus esculentum. Hibiscus trionum herba, nectar, pollen —-
VERVAIN Verbena officinalis nectar —-

PERENNIAL BEE AND MEDICINAL PLANTS

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
ANGELICA Archangelica officinalis fruits, roots, nectar, pollen 90 kg/ha
ARTICHOKE Cynara scolymus leaves, nectar, pollen 150-400 kg/ha
BEAR’S GARLIC Allium ursinum

nectar, pollen, leaves

1kg./day/hive
COMFREY Symphitum officinale

nectar, pollen, roots 130-220 kg./ha
OREGANO Origanum vulgare herba, essential oils, nectar, pollen —-
CATMINT Nepeta cataria nectar, leaves, flowers with stems
CHICORY Cichorium intybus herba, roots, rhizome, nectar, pollen 100 kg/ha
SHEPHERD’S THYME Thymus serpyllum herba, nectar, pollen 200 kg/ha
THYME Thymus vulgaris herba, seeds, nectar, pollen
FOENICULUM Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Seeds, nectar, pollen 25-100 kg/ha
SNOWDROP Galanthus nivalis bulb, nectar, pollen —-
BIRD’S FOOT TREFOIL Lotus corniculatus leaves, flowers, nectar, pollen 15-30 kg/ha
HOPS Humulus lupulus cones, nectar —-
HYSSOP Hyssopus officinalis herba, essential oils, nectar, pollen 50-100 kg/ha
LAVENDER Lavandula angustifolia flowers, essential oils, nectar, pollen 50-100 kg/ha
ALFALFA Medicago sativa germinated seeds, nectar, pollen 25-200 kg/ha
MINT Mentha piperita herba, nectar, pollen 100-200 kg/ha
MALLOW Malva silvestris ripped seeds, nectar, pollen 30-50 kg/ha
DANDELION Taraxacum officinale herba, roots, nectar, pollen 200 kg/ha
COLT’S FOOT Tussilago farfara L. flowers, leaves, nectar, pollen —-
EPILOBIUM, Willow herb Chamenerion/Epilobium hyrsutum herb, nectar, pollen 40-60 kg/ha
BALM MINT Melissa officinalis leaves, nectar, pollen 100-150 kg/ha
MEADOW SAGE, GARDEN SAGE Salvia pratensis, Salvia off. leaves, nectar, pollen 280 kg/ha
SEA HOLLY; FIELD ERYNGO Eryngium planum, campestre herba, nectar, pollen 100-150 kg/ha
ASPARAGUS Asparagus officinale plant, nectar, pollen —-
GOLDEN ROD Solidago virgaurea herba, nectar, pollen
SWEET CLOVER (Melilot) Melilotus officinalis young branches, nectar, pollen 150-300 kg/ha
MOTHERWORT Leonurus cardiaca young branches, nectar, pollen 200-400 kg/ha
WHITE CLOVER Trifolium repens flowers, nectar, pollen 100-250 kg/ha
RED CLOVER Trifolium pratense flowers, nectar, pollen 25-50 kg/ha
HOREHOUND Marrubium vulgare young branches, nectar, pollen 50 kg/ha
DEAD NETTLE Lamium album herba, nectar, pollen 50-150 kg/ha
MISTLETOE Viscum album leaves, branches, nectar —-
Eupatorium cannabinum herba, nectar, pollen —-
SPEEDWELL Veronica officinalis flowers, nectar, pollen 40 kg/ha
SAINT JOHN’S WORT Hypericum perforatum herba, pollen —-

ANNUAL BEE AND MEDICINAL PLANTS

Common name Latin name Useful parts Crop (honey/ha)
CORN FLOWER Centaurea cyanus flowers, nectar, pollen 60 kg/ha
DILL Anethum graveolens herba, nectar, pollen —–
ANISE Pimpinella anisum fruits, essential oils, nectar, pollen 50 kg/ha
BASIL Ocimum basilicum

herba without old (woody) branches, essential oils, nectar, pollen 100-120 Kg/ha
CORIANDER Coriandrum sativum seeds, nectar, pollen 100-500 kg/ha
PUMPKIN Cucurbita maxima seeds, nectar, pollen 75-105 kg/ha
BEAN Faseolus vulgaris hull of seeds (fructus phaseoli sine semine); nectar —-
SUNFLOWER Helianthus annuus seeds, oil, nectar, pollen 34-102 kg/ha
MARIGOLD Calendula officinalis

flowers, nectar, pollen —-
BUCKWHEAT Fagopyrum esculentum seeds, herba with flowers; nectar, pollen 50-60 kg/ha
LING Calluna vulgaris Small young branches with complete open leaves, nectar, pollen 200 kg/ha
FLAX Linum usitatissimum seeds, nectar, pollen 10 kg/ha
RED POPPY Papaver rhoeas seeds, pollen, nectar —-
MUSTARD (white) Sinapis alba seeds, nectar, pollen 40 kg/ha
CHARLOCK Sinapis arvensis seeds, nectar, pollen 40 kg/ha
MELON Cucumis melo fruit, nectar, pollen 10-40 Kg/ha
WATER MELLON Citrullus lanatus fruit, seeds, nectar, pollen 40-100 kg/ha
CORN Zea mays stygmata maydis; seeds; pollen —-
RADISH Raphanus sativus nectar, pollen 40-50 kg/ha
BEET Beta vulgaris roots, nectar, pollen 5-15 kg/ha
WHITE SWEET CLOVER Melilotus alba flowers, herba, nectar, pollen 200-500 kg/ha
CABBAGE Brassica oleracea leaves, nectar, pollen 20-30 kg/ha
VERVAIN Verbena officinalis herba, nectar —-
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