Sweet-Reed – ጣፋጭ መቃ ≡ TafaCH MaQa = קְנֵה־בֹשֶׂם ≡ Kannah-Besem


Qannah-Besem Greatly improves the experience of gardening because working within the smell of the plants is beautifull. It generally grows with every other plant, if in suitable soil and not overcrowding. Experience shows that above all plants, Kannah-Besem roots create a high-grade soil. Wherever these plants grow, they form a dark, deep, soft, crumbly and nutritious soil. Kannah-Besem protects brassicas from beetles. Here is Kannah-Besem protecting swede (also known as rutabaga); Kanneh Besem Swede Rutababga Use stakes for support if needed, certain varieties are sturdier than others. Prune plants to make them lower and bushier, or leave them and most will grow tall. Around 1 month before flowering is due to commence, encourage them with a feed that promotes flowering (see section on liquid fertilizers). When flowering begins lookout for males, and remove them unless seeds are wanted, and breeding is going to take place. Do not let buds get wet if possible. Choosing outdoor varieties is key to having good crops in cold, wetter climates. Warmer, dry climates can sacrifice mould-resistant, and cold-resistant attributes for strains with a high oil content. The following are extracts from Characterisation_of_hemp_Cannabis_sativa_roots_under_different_growing_conditions.PDF: “The high root biomass production measured in this study, especially in deeper soil layers, provides additional evidence of the positive role that hemp (and Kannah-Besem) can play in sustainable cropping systems. Plant roots constitute a major source of organic matter when decomposed, and while growing are capable of both creating and stabilizing useful soil structural features (Cochrane and Aylmore 1994) depending on soil type, environmental factors and cultivated species (Monroe and Kladivko 1987). Kannah-Besem / Hemp is considered a sustainable crop for energy production (Biewinga and Bijl 1996), it is a good precedent crop for wheat productivity (Bocsa and Karus 1998; Gorchs et al. 2000) and it efficiently suppresses weeds without the need for chemical treatments (Lotz et al. 1991; Berger 1969). The sustainability of the whole   production chain, from cultivation to the realisation of end products, is a challenging target in agriculture (Kirchmann and Thorvaldsson 2000). Hemp fibre production is close to achieving this target provided that CO2 emissions created during fibre processing are reduced (van der Werf and Turunen 2008) or compensated for by the CO2 assimilated and stored by the plant (i.e. in the fibre and in the roots). Multiple experiments proved that above ground biomass of hemp is not affected by plant populations, within a large range, due to the plasticity of this crop (Amaducci et al. 2002; Venturi and Amaducci 1997; van der Werf et al. 1995). None of the root parameters evaluated in this manuscript were significantly affected by plant population, this seems to confirm the plastic behaviour of hemp also for below ground development at least in the range of plant populations herein evaluated and for the given inter-row distance. The comparison of RLD distribution of hemp with that of maize, winter wheat, oat, barley and sugar beet reported by other authors (Vamerali et al. 2003a; Pietola 2005; Qin et al. 2006), seems to indicate that in deep soil layer hemp has a higher development of roots (Fig. 6). This finding is in agreement with the high value of the coefficient β that describes the shape of the cumulative distribution of root biomass with depth according to the function proposed by Gerwitz and Page (1974). Comparing the β value found for hemp (0.984) to that of other agricultural crops and natural biomes (King et al. 2003; Jackson et al. 1996) it is apparent that hemp has a deep root profile distribution. Since deep rooting is favourable and is usually found in water limiting environments (Schenk and Jackson 2002), this feature of hemp likely contributes to its suitability in Mediterranean environments, where in fact it is traditionally cultivated without irrigation (Venturi and Amaducci1999). Hemp is considered an ideal crop for organic agriculture (Stickland 1995); high root biomass production measured in this study and particularly its distribution in deep soil layers provides additional evidence of the positive role that hemp can play in sustainable cropping systems.” (Characterisation_of_hemp_Cannabis_sativa_roots_under_different_growing_conditions.PDF). Kannah-Besem from Beginning to End; The ground where the seeds are to be sown is to be prepared by tilling. This garden is it’s first ever year, and so a rotovator is being used to create a fine tilth/crumbly soil structure. After this season, a rotovator will may not be needed again, or it may be needed for the first few years. IMG_0736 After ground is prepared, either; If it is still not time to sow the Kannah-besem seeds yet; sow with mustard, or other suitable pre-crop. Field beans could also be sown before, however due to the nitrogen which is fixed into the soil from the bacteria living symbiotically with the beans, the Kannah-besem plants will be larger, and will flower later than if mustard is sown before.

Mustard Seeds;

Mustard seedlings growing as a pre-crop;

DSCF4675 IMG_0765 Make seed Drill DSCF1140 Or, if it is time to sow the Kannah-besem seeds, then; sow a line of Kanneh-Besem seeds, and broadcast mustard seeds to either side of the Kannah-besem seed drill. The mustard serves many purposes, see here. Also, if sowing with a companion, sow it with it also – in this example, swede / rutabaga is sown as a companion to the Kanneh-besem. Kannah-besem protects brassicas, like swede. IMG_0162 Seed Drill Picture DSCF1140 IMG_0766 DSCF4769

Soon the mustard can be howed down, to make room for the Kanneh-besem, and producing a soil-cover. IMG_0163

The seedlings will probably want thinning out at this point, to allow space for each plant. Choose the plants that are wanted. Choose to keep smaller, bushy plants to increase chances of more females.

 Also, grass cuttings are a sound addition to the soil cover between rows;


The plants will grow healthily, thanks to many factors, including JAH’s mercy and grace, the pre-crops, healthy soil, surrounding plants, liquid feeds (section coming soon, JAHH willing) etc.


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This carrot row is to be harvested, before it interferes with the Kanneh-besem and the Kannah-besem will overtake it.


The Kannah-besem is protecting swede, that is sown with it.


Kannah-besem is growing happily with corn and runner beans as neighbours on one side.



Soon, flowering will begin, remove unwanted males, unless seeds are wanted and breeding will take place. Now the fruits / buds will begin to swell. IMG_0448

IMG_0449 IMG_0450 IMG_0451 IMG_0476  IMG_0510  IMG_0590 IMG_0605 IMG_0632  IMG_0634 IMG_0633 Purple Bush Autumn

The shade that the plants produce are excellent shelter, and also good sleeping places, during the hot sun


Harvest the fruits as and when JAH ripens them.


Here are the cropping times around JAH’s Earth;

Cannabis Crop TimesGIF

Exodus 30:22) Moreover YHWH spake to Moses, saying,

23) Take thou also to thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five-hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two-hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two-hundred and fifty shekels.

24) And of cassia five-hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:

25) And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: It shall be an holy anointing oil.

Sweet Calamus = קְנֵה־בֹשֶׂם ≡ Qannah-bessem = Sweet Reed – ጣፋጭ መቃ ≡ TafaCH MaQa.


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