Tips For Growing Runner / Climbing Beans And For Saving Seed

Plants

Runner Beans (also known as climbing beans or multiflora beans, latin – Phaseolus coccineus) are bean plants which grow by ‘climbing’. They use support to climb up or will creep along the ground and other plants or anything they can use as support.

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Beans Growing Up Corn

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Beans Growing up Bamboo support

As well as physical frames and supports that can be constructed out of materials like wood, metal plastic etc, they can also be grown up corn plants and sunflowers (also trees and other tall, strong plants). check regularly to make sure the corn is not being strangled anywhere by the plants, as they wrap around.If there appears to be any parts where the plants are wrapped to tightly, gently un-tangle them and re-route them.

They are one of the latest seeds to be sown (in UK they are nearly always sown in May, if the weather is fairly dry and warm at the end of April then it may be worth sowing then). The seeds are prone to rotting in the ground if it is damp, which is why direct soil sowing in May is advisable.

When sowing the seeds, sow them closer than any recommended spacing’s, so that any seed failures / losses will allow there to be other seedlings nearby.

When the flowers have emerged, they can be lightly sprayed with a hose or something similar to help the flowers set. Rain will also encourage the flowers to set.

These plants often do not require heavy feeding, especially if grown with plenty of live soil covering.

The roots of these plants will establish a relationship with bacteria within the soil which will restore nitrogen from the air, and fix it into the surrounding soil. See – Field Beans, Nitrogen (የናይትሮጅን – Yenatirojen), Legumes, Nodules and Bacteria. This nitrogen can be utilized next season by a suitable crop, like qanneh besem, corn, potatoes etc.

A pre-crop of mustard is suitable for runner beans, and then mustard afterwards, if the weather allows for it to be sown.

Runner beans enjoy growing with radishes and kohlrabi.

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Plants sown in pots, to be planted out, can be sown much earlier, maybe as early as March if protected. We nearly always sow the seeds directly into the ground, and then have some in pots as backups and gap fillers, because when sown directly into the soil, there can sometimes be gaps.

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As they grow, individual plants may require guidance, by gently wrapping them around their support. Also plants can become tangled if they slip off their support, they will tangle with each other. Gently un-tangle them and re-train them to their support.

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Kanneh Besem Kat Cat

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Harmony – Corn, Bean and Cucumber

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Towards the end of the season, after various harvests and pickings, some pods can be left on the plants to mature into the autumn. These pods will allow the beans to mature into seeds that will grow next season. This technique of leaving some pods on can also be achieved with most other types of beans, and peas too. If there is enough, they can be used for cooking, or instead of harvesting the beans and eating them when they were green, they can all be left for food. Remember that regular picking is what encourages more flowers.

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Dwarf / Bush Beans

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Peas

First the green pods will become more and more rigid as the time passes. Finally they will become brown and crispy, while containing the seeds for next season.

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While harvesting, keep checking the pods and beans. Some pods may contain no seeds at all, or very small, undeveloped seeds. And individual seeds may be undeveloped or not proper for use. They can be checked by gently squeezing them, if the seed is soft and squeezy, it is probably underdeveloped. Most of the seeds will be firm, and after a day or 2 of drying, they will be hard if they was not allreaggy rigid when harvested. The seeds of runner beans have a  mottled affect of black and pink / orange.

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Examples of dud seeds

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Use finger or thumb to slide the seeds out of the pods into a catchment container

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The harvested seeds are dried, and then stored.

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Tips For Growing Parsnips

Plants

Sow parsnips with marigold and dill and/or fennel.

Grow onions as a neighbour, or grow some in the row of parsnips.

Cover the soil beside the row, with live-covering.

After harvesting, sow mustard seeds.

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After harvesting, sow mustard seeds.

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Using Mustard To Keep Soil Safe, Sound, Secured and Supplied Throughout Winter

Plants

Greetings in the love and faith of Aiyasus Kristos, during this significant time for Solar-Lunar timings.

Although a time of harvest, in going from faith to faith, mustard is continued to be sown.

Especially in climates that will enter winter in the northern hemisphere and later for the southern, mustard is usefull and valuable in this time. When crops are complete, sow mustard in place.

In this example, potatoes and peas were grown this last season. Now the ground has been cleared and within a day and a half, mustard begins to live and thrive, as the climate enters the more dormant season’s.

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The ground is cleared;

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Now the mustard seeds are broadcast onto the soil;

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Praise Abba, In 24 hours, many of the mustard seeds have allreaggy begun to sprout;

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Now the soil will remain sound, for next spring. If the weather stays mild and the mustard gets above hand height, it shall be re-sown.

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Spinach = ቆስጣ ≡ Qost’a – תֶּרֶד = Tered

Plants

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Spinach can be grown as a food crop, in it’s own row, or; grown as a cover / catch crop – sown half way between where the vegetable/erb plants will grow. Once the spinach is germinated, use a hoe or similar tool to remove wild plants.

These photographs show pre-crops, spinach and field beans, after recently germinating and emerging from the soil. The field beans grow in the row, exactly where a crop will grow, whereas the spinach is growing half-way between 2 crop rows, where it will become the pathway when the actual crop seedlings have emerged.

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The ground is bound togather by a gradually developing network of roots which prevents the nutrients/micronutrients/constituents of the soil from being washed away while at the same time preventing the land from becoming parched.

-provides the young plants with protection and shade,

-prevents the soil from drying out,

-discourages certain pests,

-provides material for sheet composting (on the soil surface).

Spinach roots are soft and easily broken down by the soil life. The soil can be reworked, and the spinach, with it’s contents of saponine and mucins and it’s soft mass of leaves, has a quick fertilizing effect. The decaying roots and the leaves which have been cut down provide early nourishment for soil organisms; these now become intensely active as the climate warms up. It is easy to remove the spinach with a flat or draw hoe.

Spinach increases the food supply of earthworms and of all other visible and invisible inhabitants of the soil.

             Spinach, beans and lettuce;

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Field beans and spinach, the field beans are being removed for Qanneh-Besem Seeds;

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In this photograph, the 2 rows of spinach is reaggy to be removed, to make room for the lettuce on the right, and some small swede/rutabaga seedlings that have recently germinated. The row of spinach on the left, is also growing with mustard. On the far left is a row of field beans;

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The spinach now becomes the pathway between the rows of crops, while the roots underground slowly breakdown and recycle.

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Now the Live-Covering can be added;

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Spinach and mustard as early crops – protecting the soil.

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Crops are now beginning to appear – like the bush beans on the right hand side.

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The spinach is chopped down to protect the soil and crop seedlings (swede/rutabagu – beetroot – beans).

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The garden can now begin to grow happy and healthy with care and attention.

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The ground in these photographs was helped in winter by planting field beans, see this post for more information;

Field Beans = https://rastafarigardening.wordpress.com/2015/03/25/field-beans-nitrogen-nodules-and-bacteria/

Tie-ing up Tomatoes Example

Plants

Here are some example pictures of tie-ing tomatoes from above. In this example, the tie is tied directly to the base of the stem on each plant, however it can also be tied to the pot, something sticking out the pot, or something next to the pot like a short stake in the ground.

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Tie as gently as possible. As the plant grows it will loosen with it. As the plants grow, they can be gradually twisted around the string.

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Tomato Tips

Plants

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If growing in rows, give plants plenty of room. Plants within each row should be about 18 inches apart. Different varieties may be allowed closer plantings or need more than 18 inches. These hungry plants like lots of food, like; nettle, Kannah-Besem, comfrey etc feeds.

Rows are planted 2 meters apart, and if lots of tomatoes are desired, another mixed row can be added. Before they grow in their row [either by direct sowing or planting], pre-plant it with mustard or/and field/broad beans, and fertilize the soil with a liquid feed.

Air moves free and plants stay healthy and breathe well, as the atmosphere stays ‘sweet’ from the space. They can be utilised as protector and defence plants, plant things like kohlrabi, cauliflower + other cabbage family members, auto-flower Kannah-Besem etc which do not grow too big. These plants being protected can be harvested to make room for the tomatoes when they need it.

When planting out tomato plants, dip them in a liquid feed of erbs or other plants, and do not plant them out before hard frost has gone for the season. Straight away water them with a watered down feed [nettle/Kannah Besem, comfrey or other will do as well]. Plant them deep, and make sure the lowest flowers are not above a hand’s breadth above the soil.

Plants which are really tall can be planted at an angle so the flowers are still within a hands breadth of the soil.

They can be tied to support, like a strong stake, for taller, slimmer plants or grown ‘wildly’ for bushy, low plants.

Now the plants are growing, under-sow them with marigold, and / or mustard. Both act as partners and eventually cover.

Keep all leaves of the plants, as these are needed for energy (do not remove unnecessary leaves, however, if leaves cover fruit, then they may be removed).

If growing with support nip off various side shoots from the axils of the leaves. Bushy plants can be attained by nipping off the main tip.

If growing in greenhouses, or blocks, follow the principles as above, for feeding, planting, support, and also space plants appropriately. In greenhouses/glasshouses it is possible to support from above with string etc.

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Tomato Plants at elsies

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Field Beans, Nitrogen (የናይትሮጅን – Yenatirojen), Legumes, Nodules and Bacteria

Plants

Field Beans

This prepatory plant [Also it can be a food crop as well] is usefull for the particular application of fixing nitrogen from the air, into the soil using a symbiotic relationship between roots and bacteria. It is also a form of nitrogen which is easy and reggealy available for plants to uptake. For this reason it is an excellent choice to sow before planting heavy feeders like Kannah-Besem, tomatoes, corn, cabbages, cucumbers etc. But it can also be used with good results before planting any vegetable, not just heavy feeders. The roots go deep on these plants (while working with certain bacteria to ‘fix’ nitrogen [የናይትሮጅን]), which helps to break up ground and brings nutrients up higher, for use by other plants – see pictures. Like mustard, these plants can be sown and grown in very cold conditions. They are soft and become food for soil life very quickly, if they are cut before they grow around 40cm’s. When planted in September – December they are often perfectly reggy in Spring (Northern Hemisphere). They can also be planted in, throughout spring, to early summer.

When it is time to sow / plant the vegetables, the beans are cut down close to the ground like mustard, and a good soil is left which is easy to make drills, and sow seeds into. The results of fruit bearing crops, cabbages and other vegetables and erbs will be better thanks to field / broad beans before. The high nitrogen (የናይትሮጅን) can make crops leafy, if not fed with a feed to harmonize this. Feeds made of plants like, valerian, comfrey, woodland fern etc will counter-act any plants that begin to go too leafy.

Most nitrogen fixing plants create good soil conditions. Do not be sparing on the sowing and growing of nitrogen fixing plants, grow plenty for a full stock of nitrogen.

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The row closest is reggy to be chopped down,

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Rake them to the side and use as cover in between all-reggy established crops, they make excellent cover. The roots have locked plenty of nitrogen in the soil, and the roots themselves will rot down, enhancing the soil structure. However, for example, a section of these roots will be dug up to show the root nodules, depth and allowing to show the roots ability to hold the soil while penetrating down.


A drill is made for the crop’s seeds, the fork is used to ligtly break up the top, no need to go beyond 3 inches;


A root with nitrogen-bacteria (የናይትሮጅን) nodules;


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These were small plants: on bigger plants the roots and nodules will be deeper – while more and more good bacteria start colonizing with the roots along the way. Notice each plant has a deep tap root – this really helps penetrate soil breaking it up, creating channels etc, while holding the soil togather from erosion etc.

The plants grown in the soil that is prepared by field beans, will be happy. After the field beans in winter, a pre-crop of spinach and mustard was sown before these main crops, see here for pictures and more information – SPINACH.

There are a series of 3 videos on youtube, which go in depth into the relationship between the bacteria and the roots/plants. The plants are constantly giving out ‘a signal’ to which certain, specific bacteria will respond to. The relationship is begun and eventually, nodules will be formed on the roots, to house the bacteria, and nitrogen (የናይትሮጅን) fixation will be taking place.

Sharon Long (Stanford) Part 1: Cooperation between bacteria and plants for protein nutrition

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QZR2_gijRJY

Sweet-Reed – ጣፋጭ መቃ ≡ TafaCH MaQa = קְנֵה־בֹשֶׂם ≡ Kannah-Besem

Plants

Qannah-Besem Greatly improves the experience of gardening because working within the smell of the plants is beautifull. It generally grows with every other plant, if in suitable soil and not overcrowding. Experience shows that above all plants, Kannah-Besem roots create a high-grade soil. Wherever these plants grow, they form a dark, deep, soft, crumbly and nutritious soil. Kannah-Besem protects brassicas from beetles. Here is Kannah-Besem protecting swede (also known as rutabaga); Kanneh Besem Swede Rutababga Use stakes for support if needed, certain varieties are sturdier than others. Prune plants to make them lower and bushier, or leave them and most will grow tall. Around 1 month before flowering is due to commence, encourage them with a feed that promotes flowering (see section on liquid fertilizers). When flowering begins lookout for males, and remove them unless seeds are wanted, and breeding is going to take place. Do not let buds get wet if possible. Choosing outdoor varieties is key to having good crops in cold, wetter climates. Warmer, dry climates can sacrifice mould-resistant, and cold-resistant attributes for strains with a high oil content. The following are extracts from Characterisation_of_hemp_Cannabis_sativa_roots_under_different_growing_conditions.PDF: “The high root biomass production measured in this study, especially in deeper soil layers, provides additional evidence of the positive role that hemp (and Kannah-Besem) can play in sustainable cropping systems. Plant roots constitute a major source of organic matter when decomposed, and while growing are capable of both creating and stabilizing useful soil structural features (Cochrane and Aylmore 1994) depending on soil type, environmental factors and cultivated species (Monroe and Kladivko 1987). Kannah-Besem / Hemp is considered a sustainable crop for energy production (Biewinga and Bijl 1996), it is a good precedent crop for wheat productivity (Bocsa and Karus 1998; Gorchs et al. 2000) and it efficiently suppresses weeds without the need for chemical treatments (Lotz et al. 1991; Berger 1969). The sustainability of the whole   production chain, from cultivation to the realisation of end products, is a challenging target in agriculture (Kirchmann and Thorvaldsson 2000). Hemp fibre production is close to achieving this target provided that CO2 emissions created during fibre processing are reduced (van der Werf and Turunen 2008) or compensated for by the CO2 assimilated and stored by the plant (i.e. in the fibre and in the roots). Multiple experiments proved that above ground biomass of hemp is not affected by plant populations, within a large range, due to the plasticity of this crop (Amaducci et al. 2002; Venturi and Amaducci 1997; van der Werf et al. 1995). None of the root parameters evaluated in this manuscript were significantly affected by plant population, this seems to confirm the plastic behaviour of hemp also for below ground development at least in the range of plant populations herein evaluated and for the given inter-row distance. The comparison of RLD distribution of hemp with that of maize, winter wheat, oat, barley and sugar beet reported by other authors (Vamerali et al. 2003a; Pietola 2005; Qin et al. 2006), seems to indicate that in deep soil layer hemp has a higher development of roots (Fig. 6). This finding is in agreement with the high value of the coefficient β that describes the shape of the cumulative distribution of root biomass with depth according to the function proposed by Gerwitz and Page (1974). Comparing the β value found for hemp (0.984) to that of other agricultural crops and natural biomes (King et al. 2003; Jackson et al. 1996) it is apparent that hemp has a deep root profile distribution. Since deep rooting is favourable and is usually found in water limiting environments (Schenk and Jackson 2002), this feature of hemp likely contributes to its suitability in Mediterranean environments, where in fact it is traditionally cultivated without irrigation (Venturi and Amaducci1999). Hemp is considered an ideal crop for organic agriculture (Stickland 1995); high root biomass production measured in this study and particularly its distribution in deep soil layers provides additional evidence of the positive role that hemp can play in sustainable cropping systems.” (Characterisation_of_hemp_Cannabis_sativa_roots_under_different_growing_conditions.PDF). Kannah-Besem from Beginning to End; The ground where the seeds are to be sown is to be prepared by tilling. This garden is it’s first ever year, and so a rotovator is being used to create a fine tilth/crumbly soil structure. After this season, a rotovator will may not be needed again, or it may be needed for the first few years. IMG_0736 After ground is prepared, either; If it is still not time to sow the Kannah-besem seeds yet; sow with mustard, or other suitable pre-crop. Field beans could also be sown before, however due to the nitrogen which is fixed into the soil from the bacteria living symbiotically with the beans, the Kannah-besem plants will be larger, and will flower later than if mustard is sown before.

Mustard Seeds;

Mustard seedlings growing as a pre-crop;

DSCF4675 IMG_0765 Make seed Drill DSCF1140 Or, if it is time to sow the Kannah-besem seeds, then; sow a line of Kanneh-Besem seeds, and broadcast mustard seeds to either side of the Kannah-besem seed drill. The mustard serves many purposes, see here. Also, if sowing with a companion, sow it with it also – in this example, swede / rutabaga is sown as a companion to the Kanneh-besem. Kannah-besem protects brassicas, like swede. IMG_0162 Seed Drill Picture DSCF1140 IMG_0766 DSCF4769

Soon the mustard can be howed down, to make room for the Kanneh-besem, and producing a soil-cover. IMG_0163

The seedlings will probably want thinning out at this point, to allow space for each plant. Choose the plants that are wanted. Choose to keep smaller, bushy plants to increase chances of more females.

 Also, grass cuttings are a sound addition to the soil cover between rows;

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The plants will grow healthily, thanks to many factors, including JAH’s mercy and grace, the pre-crops, healthy soil, surrounding plants, liquid feeds (section coming soon, JAHH willing) etc.

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This carrot row is to be harvested, before it interferes with the Kanneh-besem and the Kannah-besem will overtake it.

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The Kannah-besem is protecting swede, that is sown with it.

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Kannah-besem is growing happily with corn and runner beans as neighbours on one side.

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Soon, flowering will begin, remove unwanted males, unless seeds are wanted and breeding will take place. Now the fruits / buds will begin to swell. IMG_0448

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The shade that the plants produce are excellent shelter, and also good sleeping places, during the hot sun

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Harvest the fruits as and when JAH ripens them.

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Here are the cropping times around JAH’s Earth;

Cannabis Crop TimesGIF

Exodus 30:22) Moreover YHWH spake to Moses, saying,

23) Take thou also to thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five-hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two-hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two-hundred and fifty shekels.

24) And of cassia five-hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:

25) And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: It shall be an holy anointing oil.

Sweet Calamus = קְנֵה־בֹשֶׂם ≡ Qannah-bessem = Sweet Reed – ጣፋጭ መቃ ≡ TafaCH MaQa.